Determination of C4 sugars in honey

What you need to know about the determination of C4 sugars in honey?

Plant-derived sugars such as sugarcane and maize are produced using a photosynthetic pathway referred to as the C-4 pathway.

However, bees prefer plants that use a different photosynthetic process, referred to as the C-3 pathway.

There is a measurable difference in the ratio of natural isotopes 12C and 13C to sugars derived from C-3 and C-4 pathways, and Interfind’s test uses this difference to determine if and to what extent C-4 sugars have been added to honey.

Values > 7% indicate adulteration with C4 sugars.

Contact Interfind

Contact Interfind to find out about all the chemical analyses of honey that you can do in our laboratory. Take advantage of our modern equipment to test the characteristics of your sample, such as the color and moisture in honey.